Beyond Words: The Plain English Revolution of the U.S. Constitution

December 15, 2023 in Columnists, News by RBN Staff


By Peter Serefine |

Beyond Words

The Plain English Revolution of the U.S. Constitution

In the tapestry of American history, John Jay, a luminary of the American Revolution and co-author of the Federalist Papers, stands as a key architect of the United States Constitution. As the inaugural Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and a diplomat, Jay’s multifaceted contributions shaped the nation’s early foundations. His resonant call, “Every member of the State ought diligently to read and to study the constitution of his country, and teach the rising generation to be free,” underscores the enduring importance of constitutional literacy. Let’s explore the profound impact of Jay’s constitutional convictions and his pivotal role in shaping the course of American governance.

The Imperative of Constitutional Literacy

John Jay’s timeless admonition, “Every member of the State ought diligently to read and to study the constitution of his country, and teach the rising generation to be free,” encapsulates a fundamental truth: the vitality of a nation’s democracy is intricately tied to the constitutional literacy of its citizens.

As a co-author of the Federalist Papers, John Jay played an instrumental role in elucidating the philosophical foundations that underpin the United States Constitution. His advocacy for ratification and his contributions to the drafting of the New York State Constitution in 1777 showcased a deep commitment to the principles of limited government and individual liberties.

The essence of Jay’s call lies in the recognition that an informed citizenry is essential for the health and longevity of a constitutional republic. In understanding the Constitution, citizens not only empower themselves but also contribute to the collective safeguarding of the principles upon which the nation was built. This section delves into the imperative of constitutional literacy, examining the historical context of Jay’s plea and its relevance in contemporary society. By unpacking the layers of his message, we can appreciate the profound impact that a well-informed populace has on the preservation of liberty.

Crafting Clarity in Plain English

One distinctive aspect of the United States Constitution is its deliberate use of plain English—a conscious choice by the framers to make the document accessible to all citizens, irrespective of their educational backgrounds. The framers, including John Jay, recognized that a constitution comprehensible to the common person was essential for a government truly “of the people, by the people, for the people.”

The phrase “We the People” that opens the Constitution exemplifies this commitment to clarity. By employing straightforward language, the framers aimed to empower every citizen with a clear understanding of the document’s intent and provisions. The Bill of Rights, with its concise and unequivocal statements on individual liberties, further exemplifies this commitment to plain language.

This section explores key instances where the framers chose simplicity over complexity, emphasizing the importance of making constitutional principles accessible to the average citizen. By examining these linguistic choices, we can appreciate how the framers sought to demystify the Constitution, ensuring that it would be a living document understood by those it governs. The deliberate use of plain English emerges as a testament to the framers’ dedication to fostering a well-informed citizenry capable of asserting their rights with confidence and clarity.

Empowering Citizens to Defend Their Rights Through Knowledge

John Jay’s call to diligently read and study the constitution is not merely an academic exercise but a profound acknowledgment of the pivotal role knowledge plays in defending individual rights. Through historical lenses, we can witness instances where an informed citizenry became the vanguard of liberty.

During the ratification debates, citizens armed with an understanding of the Constitution actively engaged in discussions, contributing to the shaping of the nation’s foundational document. The early challenges to the Constitution, such as the debates surrounding the Alien and Sedition Acts, saw citizens leveraging their constitutional knowledge to safeguard their liberties.

This section explores these historical junctures, highlighting the tangible impact of constitutional literacy on the defense of individual rights. By examining the role of informed citizens in crucial moments of American history, we draw a direct line between knowledge and the ability to protect and preserve the freedoms enshrined in the Constitution.

Moreover, Jay’s tenure as the first Chief Justice of the United States is marked by decisions that reflected his commitment to a judiciary that serves as a guardian of constitutional principles. Understanding the Constitution empowers citizens not only to know their rights but also to actively participate in a system of checks and balances, ensuring the enduring relevance of the constitutional framework.

In essence, this section underscores the dynamic relationship between knowledge, civic engagement, and the defense of individual rights—a relationship intricately woven into the fabric of a constitutional republic envisioned by John Jay and his fellow framers.

Challenges and Opportunities Today

In the present landscape, the imperative for constitutional literacy faces both challenges and opportunities. Assessing the current state of civic knowledge reveals a pressing need for revitalizing education on constitutional principles. Recent statistics on civic awareness underscore a concerning trend, indicating a gap in understanding the foundations of the American system of governance.

Challenges such as the decline in civics education and a lack of emphasis on constitutional studies in curricula contribute to this widening gap. As a result, there is a risk of diminished civic engagement and a potential erosion of the informed electorate that the framers envisioned.

However, within these challenges lie opportunities for renewal. Initiatives aimed at enhancing civic education, promoting constitutional literacy, and fostering public discourse on constitutional issues can bridge this gap. Grassroots movements, educational reforms, and the utilization of technology for widespread dissemination of constitutional knowledge represent promising avenues.

This section examines the contemporary landscape, utilizing relevant statistics and examples to shed light on the challenges facing constitutional literacy. Simultaneously, it explores the potential of current educational and civic initiatives to reinvigorate a commitment to understanding the Constitution among citizens. By recognizing these challenges and opportunities, we can actively contribute to fortifying the foundation of a well-informed and engaged citizenry—fulfilling the vision set forth by John Jay and the framers for generations to come.


In the labyrinth of time, John Jay’s call for citizens to “diligently read and to study the constitution” emerges as a guiding beacon, illuminating the path to a resilient and informed democracy. Through the corridors of history, we’ve witnessed how constitutional literacy, as championed by Jay, serves as the bedrock of a vibrant republic.

The deliberate use of plain English in the Constitution, a testament to the framers’ commitment to accessibility, underscores the belief that every citizen, regardless of background, should grasp the principles governing their nation. Empowering citizens to defend their rights through knowledge, as exemplified in historical debates and legal challenges, reaffirms the symbiotic relationship between an informed citizenry and the preservation of liberty.

Yet, as we navigate the complexities of the present, challenges to constitutional literacy loom large. The decline in civic education and gaps in awareness pose threats to the very fabric of democratic governance envisioned by the framers. However, within these challenges lie opportunities for renewal, driven by educational reforms and grassroots initiatives.

In concluding our exploration, it is evident that the essence of Jay’s message endures—a nation’s strength lies in the hands of its well-informed citizens. By embracing the mantle of constitutional literacy, we honor the legacy of John Jay and the framers, ensuring that the flame of liberty, kindled by their wisdom, continues to illuminate the path for generations yet unborn. The journey towards a more perfect union persists, guided by the profound understanding that a constitutionally literate citizenry is the true guardian of democracy’s flame.